San Antonio attorney Gilson Riecken is a unique client: He practiced architecture and city planning in Texas for 17 years before becoming an attorney and developing a legal practice focused on design and construction litigation. When Riecken and his partner, Emily Sano, an independent art curator, decided to build a home in Alamo Heights just north of downtown San Antonio, they called Lake|Flato’s Tenna Florian, AIA. Hacienda Ja Ja was completed in May 2010 and is a 2,260-sf three-bedroom, two-and-a-half bathroom house in Alamo Heights. Designed to fit within 30 existing live oak trees, the house both respects and embraces the landscape.
Riecken and Florian recently spoke to Catherine Gavin, editor of Texas Architect, about the LEED Platinum-certified house.
The trees were the reason we bought the property. When we purchased it, it had five structures on it. They were all of varying heights, constructed during different periods, and in general disrepair. The trees had literally taken over the all the unbuilt property. An 18-ft tree had grown up in front of one house, pushing the porch up and blocking the front door, while a 38-ft tree had pushed the kitchen off its foundation. The structural integrity of all but one of the buildings had been compromised. The Alamo Heights Architectural Review Board agreed that the trees were more significant than the four buildings and unanimously approved the demolition, and the city approved new construction and setback variances in large part because of how well Lake|Flato’s design preserved the trees.
From the moment we started looking at the property, we had Tenna involved. I have strong personal ties to Lake|Flato and have always admired their work. It was important to us that we work with someone who understood who we are as people and how we live. Fortunately, we already had that built into our friendship with Tenna.
The design process was very fluid. We were living in California during the design and construction, and we even went to Europe for three months during critical design development work. We had a few conferences in Texas but mostly communicated with Tenna via Skype and email. She regularly sent us drawings to review.
The kitchen and dedicated office are all Emily. Emily wanted her own “suite” within the larger house, and she wanted the ability to throw a dinner party without the guests converging on her in the kitchen work space. Tenna created a subtle separation between the dining area and kitchen, as well as separate social and working spaces within the kitchen, both of which have worked out well.
In addition, a second “kitchen office” and half-bathroom in the corridor from the kitchen to garage complete her suite. For me, one comment from Tenna that highlighted the depth of her understanding of who we are and how we live occurred when she told me why she had located the study door where she had: my desk needed to stay outside of the sightlines in the primary corridor. As she explained, “I know what your desk looks like.” Needless to say, you do not see my desk from the corridor — even with the 4-ft door fully open.
We also wanted natural light and ample space for displaying art. Lake|Flato’s one-room-deep houses and use of porches and atria lend themselves to ample natural light and cross ventilation. Our house has all of this. It is essentially two wings — public and private sections — separated by an entry and interior courtyard that bring daylight into the middle of the house.
We are particularly happy with how the home fits into the site. Tenna went to great lengths to protect the trees. One corner of the house cantilevers more than eight feet to avoid interfering with a tree next to the northwest corner of the master bath. And the concrete pile that supports one corner of the porch is a feat of architectural engineering gymnastics that avoids all of the roots of the largest oak on the site.
What Emily and I didn’t realize was how much we would enjoy the way breezes and light pass through our home. From our bed, we can see the first rays of shimmering morning light on the trees, which turn everything golden. And in the evening, our rooms glow golden again. Tenna placed the windows perfectly so that most rooms capture the changing light for us to enjoy throughout the day.
The house reached net-zero status in 2012, which we never expected. We had planned to cover approximately 90 percent of the energy bills through the combined efforts of smart site orientation, strategic overhangs, rainwater collection, multi-zoned HVAC systems, daylighting, and solar panels. Details like the motorized clerestory windows and shades make it easy to live sustainably in the house. We also installed an energy monitor to measure the performance of the house. Although we did that to allow Lake|Flato to learn from a post-occupancy evaluation, it has proved invaluable to us as a tool, allowing us to understand how our behaviors impact energy consumption, and even to discover and correct problems — like a blown fuse in the solar inverter — long before we might have otherwise noticed anything.
Hermann Park is a 445-acre ecological and cultural gem in the center of Houston. The Hermann Park Conservancy is key to the park’s success as a public space and has commissioned an accomplished body of artists to display work that speaks to the mission and history of the park.
“Art in the Park” will celebrate the centennial anniversary of the park throughout 2014. The program will be made up of nine installations of loans and site-specific commissions by big names in the contemporary art scene, including artists Trenton Doyle Hancock, Ugo Rondinone, Louise Bourgeois, and Orly Genger. Patrick Dougherty’s “Boogie Woogie” promises to appeal to architects throughout the city and state.
Dougherty has completed more than 200 installations of incredible stick sculptures. A professional in hospital and health administration until the age of 36, Dougherty left that world to focus on his passion for primitive construction techniques, and today, he is an architect’s artist.
His iconic “Stickwork” series showcases his craftsmanship and in-depth exploration of sculptural, structural forms made up of intertwined, woven tree saplings. Dougherty gathers local flora native to the area, and each sculpture speaks to the sense of place where it is installed. It is a body of work that respects regional ecology and the natural lifespan of the materials used to build the pieces. The inevitable result is that the sculpture decomposes, returning to the earth. Nothing is wasted and no artificial materials are introduced nor left behind.
With his piece in Hermann Park, “Boogie Woogie,” over two tons of Chinese tallow samplings were collected from the future site of Generation Park off Beltway 8 in northeast Houston. More than 1,000 man-hours, with the help of 150 volunteers, resulted in a piece that
speaks volumes of Hermann Park’s rich history. It was envisioned by Dougherty as a “Garden of Eden.” The woven, dense mesh of Chinese tallow is a gathering space where people of all ages can wander effortlessly. Set beneath a series of large live oak trees at the foot of the reflecting pool, the sculpture sits quietly nestled in the foliage, blending seamlessly with the surrounding landscape.
From a distance, “Boogie Woogie” appears as a solid adobe structure, yet the sculpture is transparent with a series of openings that thoughtfully frame the surrounding park from the inside and capture the activity looking inward. The interwoven texture of the piece flows with ease along an internal path as if the structure were driven upward by the wind and frozen in time. As in much of Dougherty’s work, the structure allows each person an individual journey that will change as “Boogie Woogie” deteriorates, evolving over its lifespan.
As one of many pieces to be installed over the next year to celebrate the centennial anniversary of Hermann Park, “Boogie Woogie” is an important addition to public art in Houston. With over six million visitors a year, the park is an essential resource for the city — it is irreplaceable. Urban settings ripe with activity and interaction are constantly evolving and changing. Parks where people can simply “be” are often understated and overlooked.
The centennial anniversary provides a good opportunity to focus on the role of the Hermann Park and its value for the residents of Houston. Although it is a shame that visitors will only be able to experience “Boogie Woogie” firsthand for a limited time, it seems fitting that something this in tune with the mission of Hermann Park will ultimately decompose, returning to the ground for the next 100 years.
Michael Friebele, Assoc. AIA, is an architect in Dallas.
This article is online content for Texas Architect March/April 2014.